Received: August 21, 2019 Accepted: August 27, 2019 Published: August 27, 2019
Background: Lesotho has a huge burden of human immunodeficiency virus associated tuberculosis (HIV-TB). In this study we compared the effectiveness of early versus late commencement of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in adults living with HIV-TB in Lesotho.
Methods: Three out of 17 hospitals were randomly selected and data extracted from the hospitals’ tuberculosis (TB) treatment registers for 247 adults living with HIV-TB who completed TB therapy during the first quarter of 2012.
Results: Eighty (32%) commenced ART early (p < 0.001).
Conclusions: Effective treatment exists for managing HIV-TB simultaneously. The guidelines for initiation of ART in adult HIV-TB in Lesotho have not been fully implemented, but those who commenced ART had significant clinical benefits. Health departments must address the challenges encountered in treating HIV-TB simultaneously to ensure those co-infected receive optimal care.