6th Global Congress on Infectious Diseases & HIV/AIDS
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Accepted Abstracts

Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha (TNF- ?) Expression in Primary Breast Carcinoma in Iraqi Women by Immunohistochemistry

Ban Jasim Mohamad*
University of Baghdad, Iraq

Citation: Mohamad BJ (2020) Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha (TNF- Α) Expression in Primary Breast Carcinoma in Iraqi Women by Immunohistochemistry. SciTech Infectious Diseases 2020. Mauritius 

Received: January 16, 2020         Accepted: January 20, 2020         Published: January 20, 2020


Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a multifunctional member of the TNF/TNFR cytokine family. It plays important role in inflammation, immunity and apoptosis, and in regard to cancer, TNF-α involves in the inflammatory network that contributes to all stages of the malignant process, stimulates cancer cells’ growth, proliferation, invasion and metastasis. As well TNF-α could be a target for cancer therapy.
Methodology: The aim of this study was to investigate the immunohistochemical (IHC) profiles of TNF-α of primary breast carcinomas in Iraqi women; and to assess the correlation of TNF-α expression and clinicopathological parameters including tumor stage, grade and lymph node metastasis.
Results: Of the 60 carcinomas studied, 88.33% were positive for TNF-α by IHC (P=<0.05). There was no significant correlation between TNF-α expression and tumor stage, grade, or nodal involvement.
Conclusion: TNF-α protein is strongly expressed in breast cancer and that positive expression of TNF-α may be independent from the grade and stage of tumor.

Keywords: Tumor necrosis factor alpha, Cytokines, Breast cancer, Immunohistochemistry