24th Global Immunology, Microbiology & Infectious Diseases Summit
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Accepted Abstracts

Meningitis Caused by Streptococcus Suis- A Neglected Emerging Zoonotic Pathogen in Ghana

Aniemena-George Chidi1, Yaw Adu-Boakye1, Obed Ofori Nyarko1*, Solomon Gyabaah2, Saabea Owusu Konadu3 and Gilda Opoku1

1Department of Medicine, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana

2Department of Surgery, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana

3Department of Child Health, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana

Citation: Chidi AG, Adu-Boakye Y, Nyarko OO, Gyabaah S, Konadu SO et al (2021) Meningitis Caused by Streptococcus Suis- A Neglected Emerging Zoonotic Pathogen in Ghana. SciTech Immuno-Microbiology 2021

Received: June 16, 2021         Accepted: June 19, 2021         Published: June 19, 2021


We present the case of a forty-six-year-old male who presented with sudden bilateral hearing loss, vertigo, headache, fever, chills and nausea. He is an alcoholic who handles fresh pork and consumes large amounts of pork on daily basis which puts him at high risk for streptococcus suis infection. A culture of his cerebrospinal fluid yielded Streptococcus suis. Streptococcus suis infection is a neglected zoonotic pathogen that causes morbidity and mortality in humans. Pigs serve as the natural host for Streptococcus suis. It is transmitted to humans via improper handling of infected pigs, direct inoculation through skin abrasions and consumption of improperly cooked pork products. In humans Streptococcus suis causes septicemia, meningitis, endocarditis, arthritis and septic shock with a very high mortality rate. Bacterial meningitis is the main clinical syndrome caused by the Streptococcus suis. Classically it also leads to early hearing impairment in humans. With prompt and appropriate antibiotic treatment, patients usually recover with post infectious sequalae of deafness and vertigoAfter 7 days of treatment with intravenous Rocephin and 14 days of oral Erythromycin as per sensitivity patterns, all other signs and symptoms resolved, except for the bilateral hearing loss and mild ataxic gait.Human infection by Streptococcus suis is currently underreported and underdiagnosed in several countries especially in sub-Saharan Africa due to lack of awareness by the general public and physicians.We report the first reported case of meningitis caused by Streptococcus suis in Ghana.

Keywords: Streptococcus suis, Ghana, Meningitis, Neglected disease