The Prevalence of Psychiatric Symptoms in Patients Seeking Treatment other than Psychiatric Conditions: A Cross-Sectional Study
S Karunakara Moorthi1*, K Charan Muraleedharan2, Radhika Prasannakumar3, Resmy Radhakrishnan4 and ArunKulathinal L5
1,3Department of Psychiatry, National Homoeopathy Research Institute in Mental Health, Kerala, India
2Department of Medicine, National Homoeopathy Research Institute in Mental Health, Kerala, India
4,5National Homoeopathy Research Institute in Mental Health, Kerala, India
Citation: Moorthi SK, Muraleedharan KC, Prasannakumar R, Radhakrishnan R, ArunKulathinal L (2021) The Prevalence of Psychiatric Symptoms in Patients Seeking Treatment other than Psychiatric Conditions: A Cross-Sectional Study. SciTech Immuno-Microbiology 2021.
Received: July 04, 2021 Accepted: July 06, 2021 Published: July 06, 2021
Background: Mental health is an important component of the total positive health, and it is interwoven closely with the physical and physiological dynamics of the human body.There is a bidirectional relationship between psychiatric symptoms and medical disorders. Covert psychiatric symptoms may worsen the course of medical disorders. People abstain from getting treatment for psychiatric symptoms because of multiple reasons. Providing treatment in the early stage can give better outcome results in psychiatric symptoms.
Methods: The study aimed to estimate the presence of psychiatric symptoms among General Medicine patients. A cross-sectional epidemiological study was undertaken among the patients at the General Medicine OPDs of National Homoeopathy Research Institute In Mental Health, Kerala, India. The Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ)-20 screening tool was used to extract the data.
Results: A total of 3213 patients participated in the survey. Out of the total subjects who responded to the questionnaire, 516 (16.1%) were having symptoms of depression, 550 (17.1%) were having anxiety, 279 (8.7%) of the respondents were having both Anxiety and depression and 1540 (47.9%) were having somatic symptoms.
Conclusions: The prevalence of the psychiatric symptoms is often overlooked due to the underlying chronic conditions and patients may not give priority for such treatment. Estimating the exact prevalence will help early identification of disease conditions to prevent the disease from deterioration, provide better treatment opportunity, avoid the associated risks, and make the patient, as well as family members aware about the disease A holistic approach, is needed especially in chronic conditions to give a over-all amelioration to the suffering mankind.
Keywords: Psychiatric symptoms, SRQ-20, Prevalence, Cross sectional survey