Prevalence and Impact of Premenstrual Syndrome among the Female Nursing Students of Quetta
Ul Haq Noman1, Gill Sapna2*, Nasim Aqeel3, Tahir Maria4, Yasmin Riffat5, Batool Fakhra5
1Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of Baluchistan, Quetta, Pakistan.
2Faculty of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of Baluchistan, Quetta, Pakistan.
3Baluchistan Institute of Nephro-Urology, Quetta, Pakistan.
4Department of Pharmacy, Sardar Bahadur Khan Women University, Quetta, Pakistan.
5Faculty of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of Baluchistan, Quetta, Pakistan.
Citation: Noman UH, Sapna G, Aqeel N, Maria T, Riffat Y (2021) Prevalence and Impact of Premenstrual Syndrome among the Female Nursing Students of Quetta. SciTech Women & Nursing 2021.
Received: November 17, 2020 Accepted: November 19, 2020 Published: November 20, 2020
Background: Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is represented as an accumulation of unsurprising physical, psychological, full of feeling, and behavioral side effects that happen consistently at mid of the luteal period of the menstrual cycle and resolve rapidly at or inside a couple of days of the beginning of monthly cycle. The study aimed to assess the prevalence and impact of premenstrual syndrome among nursing students of Quetta.
Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted in six different nursing schools of Quetta through a self-structured questionnaire from March to September 2017. Questionnaire was composed of three domains along with the demographic and menstrual history related data. A sample of 358 participants was collected by using non-probability convenient sampling technique. Data was analyzed through SPSS.
Results: Prevalence of PMS found to be (n=95, 26.5%) in study participants those who have irregular periods were more suspected to diagnosed with PMS (n=16, 32.6%) and its P value is (0.570) which is insignificant. Although their current health status was good (n=207, 57.8%) but their daily activities were affected because of the pain (n=27, 72.9%) while some of them were depressed (n=64, 17.9%) some were being energetic (n=94, 26.3%) and some felt social withdrawal (n=79, 22.1%) some in carrying weight (n=66, 18.4%) and some in other households (n=75, 20.9%).
Conclusion: The present study concluded that prevalence of PMS found to be low in nursing students of Quetta city and respondents with irregular periods were more suspected to be diagnose with PMS.
Keywords: Premenstrual syndrome, Epidemiology, Health status, Quality of Life, Lifestyle changes.