A Pre-Experimental Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Self- Instructional Module on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding No-Scalpel Vasectomy among Married Men in Selected Urban Area of Delhi
Chander Jyoti Arora*, Lavanya Nandan and Ann Gladis SunnyNightingale Institute of Nursing, India.Citation:
Arora CJ, Nandan L, Sunny AG (2021) A Pre-Experimental Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Self- Instructional Module on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding No-Scalpel Vasectomy among Married Men in Selected Urban Area of Delhi. SciTech Women & Nursing 2021.
Received: November 24, 2020 Accepted: November 26, 2020 Published: November 27, 2020
No-Scalpel Vasectomy technique was introduced in India in 1992 to increase male participation in family planning. In spite of best efforts made by Government of India, failed to achieve its goal. Statement “A pre-experimental study to assess the effectiveness of Self- Instructional Module on knowledge and attitude regarding No-Scalpel Vasectomy among married men in selected urban area of Delhi” A pre-experimental design and Non-probability convenient sampling technique was adopted. Structured knowledge questionnaire and Likert Scale were administered. Post-test was conducted on the 8th day after administering Self- Instructional Module. Results showed mean pre-test knowledge score of the sample regarding No-Scalpel Vasectomy was 7.36 and mean post-test knowledge score of was 15.1 with the standard deviation 3.43 and 2.83 respectively. The mean pre-test attitude score of the married men regarding No-Scalpel Vasectomy was 13.1 and post-test mean attitude score of was 16 with the standard deviation 3 and 2.21 respectively. The difference was found to be statistically significant as evidence from “Z” test value is 12.308 and 5.503 respectively which is greater than table value (1.96) at 0.05 level of significance. Findings showed association between post-test knowledge scores with their selected demographic variables educational status and source of knowledge received regarding No Scalpel Vasectomy were found to be significant as p = 0.001 and 0.005 respectively whereas there was no significant association between post-test attitude score with their selected demographic variables at 0.05 level of significance by using chi-square with yates correction test. The study concluded that the Self-Instructional Module was effective in improving the level of knowledge and attitude scores of married men regarding No-Scalpel Vasectomy. There is need to develop and design information material on No Scalpel Vasectomy to fill information gap and improve its adoption.
Keywords: Effectiveness;,Self-Instructional Module, Knowledge; Attitude, No-Scalpel Vasectomy