19th Global Women-Child Care, Nursing and Internal Medicine Summit
  • Follow

Accepted Abstracts

Infectious Diarrhea, as a Valid Medical and Public Health Problematic

Liana Monica Deac*
Public Health Institute, Babes – Bolyai University, Cluj, Romania

Citation: Deac LM (2021) Infectious Diarrhea, as a Valid Medical and Public Health Problematic. SciTech Women & Internal Medicine 2021. 

Received: March 16, 2021         Accepted: March 18, 2021         Published: March 18, 2021


Acute diarrhea of infec­tious etiology, referred to gastroenteri­tis and is associated with clinical signs and symptoms including nausea, vomiting, abdomi­nal pain and cramps, bloating, flatulence, fever, passage of bloody stools, tenesmus, and fecal ur­gency disorders. Diarrheal illness is a problem worldwide, with substantial regional variation in the prevalence of specific pathogens. In fact, Infectious diarrheal diseases are the second leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and can cause real public health problems. Such diarrhea was studied as a medical disorder, in a 3 year period, 2017-2020, in Transylvania region from Romania. It was found 3577 number of cases, almost during July to August. The case incidence for the disease arrived at 65%, in the entire summer season. The data were transmitted by 12 district Sanitary Polices, to the Public Health Center. This all were  mostly diagnosed by the territorial  family  doctors and more then 50% , have need some days of hospitalization, because of several disease disorders. For this disorders it was used a specific adequate fluid and electrolyte replacement as key of the treatment, to managing diarrheal illnesses. Even so, 3 children under 5 years age died, because of severe complications. Organic failed was estimate to be the cause of their deaths. Clinical and epidemiological evaluation defined the severity and type of this illnesses.  The detected infectious etiology for the Acute diarrhea, where determined in authorized Microbiology laboratories, and there were   identified:  Shigella spp, Salmonella spp, Campylobacter spp, Yersinia spp, Rotavirus, Giardia. Most number of cases appeared in children in 63%, followed by elderly or adult people in 17% each, all data as quantified number of determined infectious diarrheas. Acute diarrheal illness had to be considered a major public health issue, against which control efforts are needed. Public health surveillance of infectious acute diarrhea, includes obligatory strategies of infection control.
 Keywords:  Diarrhea symptoms, Etiology, Health survey