International Conference on Biomedical and Cancer Research
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Accepted Abstracts

Case report: Anatomical variation of Jugulo-subclavain venous confluence

Yaw Otchere Donkor*
University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ghana

Citation: Donkor YO (2019) Case report: Anatomical variation of Jugulo-subclavain venous confluence. SciTech Biomed-Cancer Sciences 2019. Tokyo: Japan

Received: April 26, 2019         Accepted: April 30, 2019         Published: May 02, 2019

Abstract

Variations of superficial veinous dranaige are very common in the head and neck regions. The jugular veins display disparities in its development and pathway.  During a routine  dissection study with the medical students of  an adult male  cadaver (head and neck regions)  in  the  Anatomy laboratory , School of Medicine, a variation of the jugular veins  communicating with subclavian vein to form jugulo-subclavian trunk/confluence draining into  brachiocephalic vein was found on right side of the body. It was studied and photographed.  The jugular veins joined in the cervical region and pass under the posteromedial border of clavicle to communicate with the subclavian vein as brachiocephalic vein.  No abnormality was detected on the left cervical region. These venous vessels; the subclavian and jugular are  preferred  sites  for  long  term  central  venous  access. Therefore knowledge of these venous variations is not only of importance to anatomists but surgeons and clinicians performing catheterization and surgical procedures in the region of the neck, vascular or reconstructive surgery.  This prevents inadvertent injury during surgery and venepuncture at the neck region.
 
Keywords: Subclavian Vein, External Jugular Vein, Internal Jugular Vein, Jugulo-subclavian, Venous Confluence, Brachiocephalic Vein, Variation