International Conference on Biomedical and Cancer Research
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Accepted Abstracts

Role of soluble E-selektin, soluble Intra Cellular Adhesion Molecule-1(sICAM-1) and soluble Vascular Cellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) in Overweight Children

Ni Kadek Elmy Saniathi*, Mohammad Juffrie, Bambang Udji Djoko Rianto, Soetjiningsih
Warmadewa University, Indonesia

Citation: Saniathi KE, Juffrie M, Djoko Rianto BU, Soetjiningsih (2019) Role of soluble E-selektin, soluble Intra Cellular Adhesion Molecule-1(sICAM-1) and soluble Vascular Cellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) in Overweight Children. SciTech Biomed-Cancer Sciences 2019. Tokyo: Japan

Received: August 25, 2019         Accepted: August 27, 2019         Published: August 27, 2019

Abstract

Background Adhesion molecule (E-selectin, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1) have a crucial role in neutrophil extravasation caused by endothelial cell activation in viral Dengue infection. In the overnutritious state, the serum adiponectin level tends to be lower which limit its ability to inhibit the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNFα, IL-6 and NF-kB) and adhesion molecules. There is also increased level of TNFα, IL-1 β, IL-6, IL-8 which increase the expression of adhesion molecules even further. Objectives The aims of this study are to determine the role of sE-selectin, sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 in pediatric Dengue Hemorhagic Fever ( DHF) patient with overweight Methods An analytic observational nested case-control study was conducted in Paediatric Division Sanglah General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia from January 2015 to October 2016 which DHF as a cases and Dengue Fever (DF) as a control. Diagnosis of dengue infection was according to WHO 1997. Results 80 subjects were enrolled in this study with 40 subjects for each group. The baseline characteristics betwen case and control showed no significant differences. This study showed that overweight increased the risk of Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS) with odds ratio 2,67 (95% CI 0.72-9.95). The means level of sE-selectin in DHF with overweight group vs normal weight was 44.39 ± 14.55 ng/mL vs 53.76 ± 22.24 ng/mL, p= 0.118; DF group (57.18 ± 23.86 ng/mL vs 48.95 ± 24.79 ng/mL), p=0.350; DSS group (42.44 ± 9.44 ng/mL vs 40.93 ± 14.56 ng/mL), p=0.810. Level of sICAM-1 in DHF group (407.25 ± 137.54 ng/mL vs 354.42 ± 87.49 ng/mL), p=0.148; DF group (363.65 ± 182.09 ng/mL vs 359.71 ± 146.88 ng/mL), p=0.944; DSS group (367.25 ± 105.86 ng/mL vs 313.34 ± 68.65 ng/mL), p=0.293. The means level of sVCAM-1 in DHF was 5333.86 ±1048.18 ng/mL vs 4703.90 ± 956.64 ng/mL), p=0.054; DF group (4666.44 ± 950.74 ng/mL vs 4549.40 ± 1027.11 ng/mL), p=0.745; DSS group (4638.64 ± 934.99 ng/mL vs 4358.37 ± 1350.35 ng/mL) with p=0.641. Level of adiponectin in DHF overweight group vs normal weight was 7.44 ± 5.03 ng/mL vs 16.82 ± 10.98 ng/mL, p=0.015; DF group (15.93 ± 10.72 ng/mL vs 16.99 ± 8.33 ng/mL), p=0.876 and in DSS group was 5.99 ± 2.86 ng/mL vs 8.49 ± 2.73 ng/mL with p=0.115. Conclusions The means level of sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1, but not sE-Selectin, in DHF, DF, DSS and non-DSS group with overweight was found to be consistently higher than normal weight but it was not statistically significant. Keyword: Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever, sE-selectin, sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, Overweight children