Received: March 07, 2019 Accepted: March 09, 2019 Published: March 11, 2019
There are presented the results of comparison of polymorphic variants of the genes GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTP1 and clinical manifestations of non-small cell lung carcinoma, which allow predicting the nature of manifestation of the disease. The association of the genotype GSTT1 (del) with the risk of developing squamous cell lung cancer has been revealed (OR = 2.54 CI: 1.13-5.72, p = 0.035). Analysis of patient survival rate (n = 173) in groups of various histological types of lung cancer showed that in the group of squamous cell lung cancer (n = 91) in patients with genotype GSTT1 (del), the survival rate median was significantly higher - 84 months. (95% CI 12.4 - 155.7) than in patients with the genotype GSTT1 (+) - 36 months. (95% CI 25.2-46.8), p = 0.045. In contrast, in the adenocarcinoma group (n = 82), the survival rate median in patients with the genotype GSTT1 (del) was 19 months. (95% CI 6.2 to 33.5), and in patients with genotype GSTT1 (+) - 67 months. (95% CI 50.1 - 84.0), which is the basis for continuing this comparison in an additional group of tested, as the sampling did not achieve the reliability of p = 0.12. Hypothetically, these differences may be due to differences in the gender composition of squamous cell lung cancer and adenocarcinoma and the involvement of GST enzymes in the metabolism of estrogens in adenocarcinoma in women and other hormonal background and reactivity of the male body with squamous cell carcinoma. Further research and subsequent analysis of the results will be aimed at confirming this hypothesis.