Study of the carcinoma of the breast to the University clinics of Lubumbashi and Kinshasa, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: 2014-2015
Nday G1, Kabamba M2, Mukalay A1, Tshilombo F1, Odimba E1, Kalenga P1, Ilunga J11 University Hospital of Lubumbashi, Congo2 University of Kamina, CongoCitation:
Nday G, Kabamba M, Mukalay A, Tshilombo F, Odimba E, Kalenga P, Ilunga J (2019) Study of the carcinoma of the breast to the University clinics of Lubumbashi and Kinshasa, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: 2014-2015. SciTech Ocnology 2019. Dubai: UAE
Received: March 07, 2019 Accepted: March 09, 2019 Published: March 11, 2019
Background: Often tumors in the African setting are described aggressive with high grading status. There is no national cancer registry nor suitable data on breast cancer in DRC. Breast cancer treatment may be improved by good knowledge of this entety. Objective To demonstrate clinical and pathological profile of breast cancer in Kinshasa and Lubumbashi (DR Congo).
Methodology: We conducted a cross-sectional study in the province of KATANGA and the province of KINSHASA from 2014-2016. We conducted a systematic sampling and collected 86 cases. We harvested all cases of mammary carcinomas in this period. The studied parameters were: the age of patients at diagnosis, type of carcinoma breast (WHO), the grade (Elston and Ellis), and the presence or not of tumor necrosis, the stage of the tumor, and score of Nottingham.
Results: The average age of patients at diagnosis was 47.8 ± 12.1 years. In 74% of cases, patients were presented at the stage3 T or T4. The average size of tumors was 6.6 ± 2.7 cm. Ductular carcinoma was the type of predominant and found carcinoma in 97.2% of the cases. There was 54.7% of grade 3 and 4.7 percent of grade 1 tumors. Tumor necrosis was present in 30.2% of tumor. The Nottingham score higher than 5.4 found 62.8% of the cases.
Conclusions and Perspectives: Late diagnosis of tumors is that mammary carcinomas in Lubumbashi and Kinshasa have a poor prognosis. Improving the prognosis must go through early diagnosis. The perception of this pathology and its correct assessment in our environment are important for a better supported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Keywords: Breast Carcinoma, clinico-pathological evaluation, prognosis.