Received: March 09, 2019 Accepted: March 10, 2019 Published: March 11, 2019
Madhya Pradesh is a resipository of medicinal plants enriched with herbal treasure and rich in floristic wealth in India as well as Ethnic communities . There is predominance of 28 ethic communities since the dawn of civilization dependent on wild flora for food, shelter, medicines , fibre , fuel -wood as well as source of income generation. Plants are used as a source of drugs as depicted from ancient Hindu scriptures like Rigveda (4500 - 1600 BC ), Charak samhita (1000-800 BC), Sushrut Samhita (800 – 700 BC ) . The medicinal plants play an important role in folk- medicines among ethnic communities in their socio –cultural, spiritual , health needs of communities, across the globe in developing and developed countries. According to one of the estimates that 9,000 plants have known medical applications in various cultures and countries among several indigenous and other countries . Gradually, 85% of the herbal medicines derived from plants on which 4.3 billion people across the globe still depend upon them. In Indian sub –continent many of the folk –medicines are still prevalent among 104.2 million ethnic communities inhabited in 5000 villages comprising 15% of the total geographical population of the country. Where as in Madhya Pradesh 25.2% of ethnic community had accumulated a great amount of knowledge on use of plants. The importance of ethnobotany includes economic growth and development, conservation of biodiversity, and most especially provision of medicine and healthcare. Numerous medicinal plants being enriched with folk - medicinal properties have come in light on account of ethno-botanical studies which were unknown to the scientific world .ny of such plants have been utilized in preparation of herbal drugs . Folk –medicines have pre-dominance in diverse eco-system. Since the beginning of the dawn of civilization , Indigenous and traditional knowledge in use of folk-medicines exists as an unorganised sector in the hand of vaidraj , traditional healers. The present investigation was carried out during 2013 September to 2016 February and data was collected from four clusters from Raj Gond, Khairwar, Kol . The information were collected by interviews followed by focus group discussions with local indigenous communities. During the visits a number of traditional herbal healers and, elderly persons of tribal communities, were contacted collecting information and, documenting of information, through open structured schedule on herbal formulation in use prepared from these medicinal plants, of plant species at site o study , between 22º 03' to 24º 39' N Longitude and 77º 43' to 78º 59' E Longitude in ethnic pockets of Satna district in Vindhya Plateau . The study reveals medicinal plants and their plants parts collected from wild such as roots, rhizomes , bulbs, resins, gum - exudates , flowers , fruits were collected ofspecies identified were Achyranthes aspera Linn. Aegle marmelos (Linn.) Correa , Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.) Nees. , Asparagus racemosa Willd. Azadirachta indica A Juss. Correa, Boerhavia diffusa Linn. , Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Pennell , Chlorophutum arundinaceum Baker. , Coscuta reflexa Roxb. , Curcuma caesia Roxb , Curculigo orchioides Gaerthn. Eclipto alba (Linn.) Hassr.Syn. prostreta Roxb. Eulophia herbacia Linde, Evolvulus alsinoides Linn.,Gloriosa suparba Linn. Gymnema sylvestris (Retz.) R. Br. , Mucuna pruriens (Linn.) DC., Nyctanthes arbortristis Linn. Parkia biglandulosa Wgt & Arn. Peucedanum nagpurnse ( Cl) Prain, Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook.F. & Th. Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) wgt. & Arn. , Terminalia bellirica (haertn) Rox. These plants are being utilized in different formulations since time immemorial , in cure of Asthma, Arthiritis, Cancer , Body pain, body massage , Baldness , Cold , Cough , Fever, Diabetes, Diarrhoea , Jaundice , Joint Pain , Heart problem , Kidney stone , Leucorhoea , Ring Worm, Spematorrhoea, Weakness and Vomiting by traditional healers The study concludes that indigenous knowledge system of herbal practice is still very rich and available among tribal community of Madhya Pradesh. The study recommends the Plants documented in the study needs to be examined for phyto-chemical studies to know active principle component present in them which are beneficial in cure of ailments as recorded during the present study.
Keywords : Ethnic community, Traditional healers, Vaidraj, Folk Medicines, Ailments