International Conference on Oncology & Hematology
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Accepted Abstracts

Herbal medicinal plants in folk medicines in Cure of Ailments prevalent among ethnic communities in Satna district Vindhya Plateau Madhya Pradesh, India

Rajiv Rai*
Tropical Forest Research Institute, India

Citation: Rai R (2019) Herbal medicinal plants in folk medicines in Cure of Ailments prevalent among ethnic communities in Satna district Vindhya Plateau Madhya Pradesh, India. SciTech Oncology 2019. Dubai: UAE

Received: March 09, 2019         Accepted: March 10, 2019         Published: March 11, 2019

Abstract

Madhya Pradesh is a resipository of medicinal   plants   enriched   with herbal treasure and rich in  floristic wealth in India as well as Ethnic communities . There is predominance of 28 ethic communities since the dawn of civilization dependent on wild flora for food, shelter,  medicines , fibre , fuel -wood  as well as source of income generation.   Plants are used  as a source  of drugs   as depicted from ancient  Hindu  scriptures like  Rigveda (4500  - 1600  BC ),  Charak  samhita  (1000-800 BC), Sushrut Samhita  (800 – 700 BC ) . The medicinal   plants   play an important role  in folk- medicines among ethnic communities  in their  socio –cultural, spiritual ,  health needs of communities, across the globe in developing and developed countries.  According to one of the estimates that 9,000 plants have known medical applications in various cultures and countries among several indigenous and other countries .  Gradually, 85% of the herbal medicines derived  from plants on which 4.3 billion  people across the globe still depend upon them. In Indian sub –continent  many of the folk –medicines are still prevalent among 104.2 million ethnic communities inhabited in 5000 villages  comprising 15%  of the total geographical population of the country. Where as in Madhya Pradesh 25.2%  of  ethnic community had accumulated a great amount of knowledge on use of plants. The importance of ethnobotany includes economic growth and development, conservation of biodiversity, and most especially provision of medicine and healthcare. Numerous medicinal plants being  enriched with  folk - medicinal properties have come in light on account of ethno-botanical studies which were unknown to the scientific world .ny of such plants have been utilized in preparation   of herbal drugs . Folk –medicines have pre-dominance in diverse eco-system.   Since the beginning of the dawn of civilization , Indigenous and traditional knowledge in  use of folk-medicines  exists as an unorganised sector in the hand of vaidraj ,   traditional healers. The present investigation was carried out during 2013 September to 2016 February and data was collected from four  clusters from Raj Gond,  Khairwar, Kol . The information  were collected by interviews followed by focus group discussions with local indigenous communities. During the visits a number of traditional herbal healers and, elderly persons of tribal communities, were contacted collecting information and,  documenting of information, through open structured  schedule on herbal formulation in use prepared from  these medicinal  plants,    of plant species at site o study  , between 22º 03'  to  24º 39' N Longitude and 77º 43' to 78º 59' E Longitude  in ethnic pockets of Satna   district  in Vindhya Plateau    . The study reveals  medicinal plants and  their plants parts collected  from wild  such as  roots, rhizomes , bulbs,  resins,  gum - exudates , flowers , fruits were  collected  ofspecies identified  were Achyranthes aspera Linn. Aegle marmelos (Linn.) Correa  , Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.) Nees. , Asparagus racemosa Willd. Azadirachta indica A Juss.  Correa, Boerhavia diffusa Linn. , Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Pennell ,  Chlorophutum arundinaceum Baker.  , Coscuta reflexa Roxb. , Curcuma caesia Roxb ,  Curculigo orchioides Gaerthn.  Eclipto alba (Linn.) Hassr.Syn. prostreta Roxb.   Eulophia herbacia Linde, Evolvulus alsinoides Linn.,Gloriosa suparba Linn. Gymnema sylvestris  (Retz.) R. Br. , Mucuna pruriens (Linn.) DC., Nyctanthes arbortristis Linn.  Parkia biglandulosa Wgt & Arn.    Peucedanum nagpurnse    ( Cl) Prain,  Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook.F. & Th. Terminalia arjuna  (Roxb.) wgt. & Arn. ,    Terminalia bellirica (haertn) Rox. These plants  are being utilized in different formulations  since time immemorial , in cure of Asthma, Arthiritis, Cancer , Body pain, body massage  ,  Baldness , Cold , Cough , Fever, Diabetes,   Diarrhoea , Jaundice ,  Joint Pain , Heart problem , Kidney  stone , Leucorhoea , Ring  Worm,  Spematorrhoea, Weakness and Vomiting by traditional healers The study concludes  that   indigenous knowledge system of herbal practice is still very rich and available among tribal community of Madhya Pradesh. The study recommends  the Plants documented in the study needs to be examined for phyto-chemical studies to know active principle component present in them which are beneficial in cure of ailments as recorded during  the  present  study.

Keywords : Ethnic community, Traditional healers,  Vaidraj, Folk Medicines,  Ailments