Understanding Conflict, Understanding Food Crop Production: Perspective of the Situation in the Nakpayili Community, Ghana
Samuel Marfo1*, George Gyader1, Alhassan Iddi Shenashe2
1 University for Development Studies, Ghana
2Ghana Education Service, Ghana
Citation: Marfo S, Gyader G, Shenashe AI (2020) Understanding Conflict, Understanding Food Crop Production: Perspective of the Situation in the Nakpayili Community, Ghana. SciTech BioTech-Food Sciences 2020. Thailand
Received: January 17, 2020 Accepted: January 20, 2020 Published: January 20, 2020
Globally, violent conflicts have been a bane to food crop production in particular and food security in general. Even though Ghana is considered as a beacon of peace in Africa, yet the country is plagued mostly by chieftaincy and ethnic conflicts which invariably undermine the country’s food security. Against this background, this paper discusses the effects of the Konkomba-Nanumba inter-ethnic conflict on food security with Nakpayili as the epi-center. Purposive and quota sampling techniques were used to select a combined sample size of 53 respondents in a case study design. Primary data gathered through interviews revealed among others that the ethnic conflict affected food crop production through the burning of food crops notably yams and markets, killing of people and abandonment of farms due to insecurity. It was found that food production situation has been slightly improved as compared to the situation during the conflict but still low in comparison with the periods prior to the conflict. The paper recommends that the government should as a matter of urgency provide dams and supply agriculture incentives and technical knowledge to the people to help boast agriculture production in the study locality. At the local level, a multi-ethnic and inter-party negotiating team should be established by the Nanumba South District Assembly in the various communities to facilitate the resolution of conflicts. This will help promote peaceful resolution of conflicts instead of resorting to violence.
Keywords: Ethnic conflict, Chieftaincy, Food security, Conflict resolution, Nakpayili