International Congress on Biotechnology and Food Sciences
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Accepted Abstracts

Relation of Bone Mass to Vitamin D Receptor Gene Polymorphism and Lifestyle Factors in Japanese

Yoichi Tachi1*, Yuri Sakamoto1, Pao-Li Wang2  and Kaoruko Iida3
1Tokyo Kasei University, Tokyo, Japan
2Osaka Dental University, Osaka, Japan
3Ochanomizu University, Tokyo, Japan

Citation: Tachi Y, Sakamoto Y, Wang PL Lida K (2020) Relation of Bone Mass to Vitamin D Receptor Gene Polymorphism and Lifestyle Factors in Japanese. SciTech BioTech-Food Sciences 2020. Thailand 

Received: February 24, 2020         Accepted: February 26, 2020         Published: February 26, 2020

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to identify vitamin D Receptor (VDR) gene polymorphism and life­style factors (nutrition and exercise) associated with bone mass in Japanese female college students. The subjects comprised 317 female college students aged between 20 and 24, all of whom were living in the Kanto region at the time of the study. Bone mass measurement was based on qualitative ultrasound (QUS). The subjects were asked what type of sport they used to play in their junior high school and high school days. The subjects’ current nutrient intake was surveyed using Food Frequency Questionnaire Based on Food Groups (FFQG) Ver.3.0 software, an add-in software of Excel Eiyou-kun (Kenpakusha). The daily intake of three nutrients (calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin K) was calculated per 1,000 kcal. Gene polymorphism for the restriction enzyme TaqI digestion site (rs731236) were detected by real-time PCR using TaqMan probes. No significant difference in the bone mass was observed between the VDR polymorphisms (TT versus TC + CC). The present study did not demonstrate any correlation between VDR polymorphism and bone mass. Similarly, no correlation was observed between nutritional intake and bone mass. Meanwhile, the results of multiple linear regression analysis ascertain that high BMI levels and the experience of high-impact exercise during junior high school or high school have an independent positive effect on bone mass. These results suggest that BMI and exercise are highly likely to be important factors in increasing bone mass.
 
Keywords: Bone mass, Vitamin D receptor, Gene polymorphism, Multiple linear regression analysis