Global Summit on COVID-19
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Accepted Abstracts

Acceptance of the Coronavirus Disease2019 Vaccine among Medical Students in Uganda

Andrew  Marvin  Kanyike1*,  Ronald  Olum2,  Jonathan  Kajjimu3,  Ojilong  Daniel1,  Akech Grabriel  Madut1,  Dianah  Rhoda  Nassozi2,  Drake  Agirah4,  Nicholas  Wamala  Kisakye5, Assimwe  Asaph6,  Matovu  Dissan7,  Ann
Babra Nakimuli8,  Lyavala  Muslim9,  Kiwumulo Joshua10, Felix Bongomin10

  1. Busitema University, Faculty of health sciences, Mbale Uganda
  1. School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
  2. Faculty of  Medicine,  Mbarara  University  of  Science  and  Technology,  Mbarara
  3. School of Medicine, Kabale University, Kabale, Uganda.
  1. Faculty of  Clinical  Medicine  and  Dentistry,  Kampala  International  University, Ishaka-Bushenyi, Uganda.
  2. School of Health Sciences, Soroti University, Soroti, Uganda.
  1. Faculty of  Biology,  Medicine  and  Health,  King  Ceaser  University,  Kampala, Uganda
  2. School of health sciences, Uganda Christian University, Mukono, Uganda.
  1. Faculty of medicine, Islamic University in Uganda, Mbale, Uganda
  1. Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Gulu University, Gulu, Uganda
Citation: Kanyike AM, Olum R, Kajjimu J, Daniel O, Madut AG (2021) Acceptance of the Coronavirus Disease2019 Vaccine among Medical Students in Uganda. SciTech Central COVID-19. 

Received: July 01, 2021         Accepted: July 06, 2021         Published: July 06, 2021


Introduction: COVID-19 is still a major global threat for which vaccination remains the ultimate solution. Uganda reported 40,751 cases and 335 deaths as of 9 April 2021 and started its vaccination program among priority groups like health workers, teachers, and those with chronic diseases in early March 2021. Unanimous uptake of the COVID-19 vaccine is required to subsequently avert its spread.
Objectives: We assessed COVID-19 vaccine  acceptability,  hesitancy,  and  associated  factors  among  medical  students  in Uganda.
Methodology: We conducted an online descriptive cross-sectional survey among medical students across 10 medical schools in Uganda. A structured questionnaire via Google form was sent to eligible participants via WhatsApp. Each medical school had a coordinator who consistently shared the data tool in the WhatsApp groups. Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test, and logistic regression were used to assess the association between vaccine acceptability with demographics, COVID-19 risk perception, and vaccine hesitancy.
Results: We surveyed 600 medical students, 377 (62.8%) were male. COVID-19 vaccine acceptability was 37.3% and vaccine hesitancy 30.7%. Factors associated with vaccine acceptability were being male (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 1.9, 95% CI 1.3–2.9, p=0.001) and being single (aOR= 2.1, 95% CI 1.1–3.9,p=0.022). Very high (aOR= 3.5, 95% CI 1.7– 6.9, p<0.001) or moderate (aOR =2.2, 95% CI1.2–4.1, p=0.008) perceived risk of getting. COVID-19 in the future, receiving any vaccine in  the  past  5  years  (aOR=  1.6,  95%  CI  1.1–2.5,  p=0.017),  and  COVID-19  vaccine hesitancy (aOR 0.6, 95% CI 0.4–0.9, p=0.036).
Conclusions:  This study revealed low levels of acceptance towards the COVID-19 vaccine among medical students, low self- perceived  risks  of  COVID-19,  and  reliance  on  negative  information  on  social  media. There is need for more sensitization on the safety and importance of vaccination in the battle against COVID-19 among medical students in Uganda.
Keywords: COVID-19, Vaccine acceptance, hesitancy, Medical students