Global Summit on COVID-19
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Accepted Abstracts

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 preventive measures in Developing Countries: A Review

Eyasu Anjulo Lambebo*
College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia

Citation: Lambebo EA (2021) Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 preventive measures in Developing Countries: A Review. SciTech Central COVID-19. 

Received: July 03, 2021         Accepted: July 10, 2021         Published: July 12, 2021


Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (COVID-19) has overwhelmed the world with about 183.9 million confirmed cases and over 3.9 million deaths as of July 3, 2021. Assessing the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) of people towards COVID-19 could play a vital role in the way they take remedial actions to control its spread and their readiness to strive for and follow to care. Many developing countries have been faced by limited infrastructure and fragile healthcare systems such as lack of adequate surveillance to assess the scope of the outbreak, and inadequate systems for the prevention, diagnosis, and management of a disease. Several remedial actions such as closing of all private and public schools and universities, limiting of the number of travelers of public transportation and doubling the tariff, postponing national elections, closure of borders and suspension of flights, prohibiting meetings of more than 50 peoples; closing bars, restaurants, and public places , quarantine/isolation and care for infected people or suspected cases, suspension of issuance of entry visas to countries, implementation of virtual meetings, prohibiting overloading in public transport, avoiding close contact such as shaking hands or hugging and covering the mouth when sneezing were implemented by the different countries to control and curb the distribution of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in almost all countries. As recommended by the WHO using face masks, washing hands with soap and water, and keeping social distancing and taking vaccination are very important to prevent the transmission of the disease. The respondent’s KAP towards COVID-19 vary by their age, level of education, marital status, occupation, residence, monthly income, and practices. Old age and patients with cancer, diabetes, hypertension, cardiac disease, chronic respiratory diseases, pregnant women and migrants from other parts of the world having COVID-19 have been identified as potential risk factors for severe complications and death.
Keywords: Coronavirus, COVID 19, KAP, Pandemic.