Pharmacology & Drug Development Congress
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Accepted Abstracts

Gender Based Violence (GBV) in Emergency Medicine

Tiziana Ciarambino*
Hospital of Marcianise ASL Caserta, Italy

Citation: Ciarambino T (2020) Gender Based Violence (GBV) in Emergency Medicine. SciTech Central Pharma 2020. Mauritius 

Received: December 16, 2019         Accepted: December 23, 2019         Published: December 23, 2019

Abstract

Gender Based Violence (GBV) is any act ‘that results in or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering’ that is directed against a person because of their biological sex, gender identity or perceived adherence to socially defined norms of masculinity and femininity. The lifetime prevalence of rape by an intimate partner was an estimated 8.8% for women and an estimated 0.5% for men. In one cross sectional study, 11.7% of women visiting a variety of American emergency departments were there because of acute injury or stress related to domestic violence. The lifetime prevalence rate for domestic violence of 54.2% in women attending Emergency Departments (ED). In a study population 12.6% of men attending emergency departments were victims of domestic violence by a current or former female intimate partner. These data demonstrate how important GBV is to an emergency physician. It is still important that emergency physicians know how to create the opportunity of a patient disclosing domestic violence, so that self-reported victims of domestic violence can be offered help. Ideally all consultations should take place in a private room with, initially, only the patient and the doctor. Simple, direct, non-judgmental questions are the best way to inquire. Police contact should be offered while in the comparative safety of the emergency department. It is much easier to contact the police from the emergency department than a household that is shared with the perpetrator