Unani System of Medicine, the most ancient system of world originated in the land of Alexander The Great.
Hippocrates with his Humoral theory which means a proper & evenly balanced mixture of the humors characterizes health of body and mind; an imperfect balance result in diseases. He is considered the Father of Unani and modern Medicine. Western Medicine also owes its origin to him.
Sartan is an Arabic word which means crab. Unani physicians mentioned that Cancer occurs due to excessive production and accumulation of khilt-e-sawda (black bile). Ibn Sina states that sartan is a tumor arising from “burning” of khilt-e-sawda.
Breast Cancer is the most frequent cancer among women, impacting 2.1 million women each year and also causes the greatest number of Cancer related deaths among women. In 2018 it is estimated that 6,27,000 women died from breast Cancer. Prevalence of breast carcinoma in India is 1 in 30 women. Nulliparity, obesity, late meanarche, early menopause, prolonged use of oral contraceptive pills, smoking, alcohol consumption, intake of high calorie diet and animal fat are the risk factors especially for developing breast Cancer. Following breast Cancer treatment with surgery and radio and chemotherapy, a significant number of women will develop treatment related complications that affect function and quality of life.
Safe and beneficial alternative therapies should be integrated in to regular Cancer care to improve patient quality of life. By understanding and addressing issues, compassionate care can be tailored to each patient and oncology will reach the noble goal of treating each patient as a person with Cancer, rather than treating only Cancer in a patient.
Unani system of Medicine emphasizes a holistic approach towards prevention of breast Cancer with a well-balanced diet, adequate exercise, life style modification and use of herbal immuno-modulators.
Keywords: Unani System of medicine, Humoural theroy, Breast Cancer, Sartan saddi, Unani management, Prevention.