Global Congress on Infectious Diseases & HIV/AIDS
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Accepted Abstracts

Smoking Cessation Outcomes and Predictors among Individuals Enrolled in the Anti-tobacco Program in Jeddah 2018

Anwar Ajlan Alqurashi*, Hanin Fayez Alluhaybi, Rajaa Al-raddadi 
Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia

Citation: Alqurashi AA, Alluhaybi HF, Al-raddadi R (2020) Smoking Cessation Outcomes and Predictors among Individuals Enrolled in the Anti-tobacco Program in Jeddah 2018. SciTech Infectious Diseases 2020. Mauritius 

Received: November 25, 2019         Accepted: November 28, 2019         Published: November 28, 2019

Abstract

Background and Objective: Smoking is one of the major risk factors linked to several health problems. Due to the age-standardized prevalence of smoking among adults, the researchers intended to assess the effectiveness of the anti-tobacco program aiming for improving the quitting outcomes in Jeddah, to identify the prevalence of quitting rate, the predictors of quitting status, and the prevalence of quitting attempts among individuals enrolled in the anti-tobacco program in 2017.
Methods: The study took place in three randomly selected anti-smoking clinics at the primary health care in Jeddah during a four-week duration in November 2018. All available records were reviewed then, the questionnaire was filled through the telephone interviews.
Results: A total of 333 smokers participated in this study, the age range was 30 to 50 years old. The majority of the participants started smoking at ages 16 to 20 years old and 66.5% of the participants reported that they were smoking for more than 15 years. In terms of addiction level, 37.1% of the participants have very high dependence, and 32.4% have high dependence. The majority of the smokers reported health and living a better life as the most common reason for quitting, however, a high percentage of the participants were non-quitter. There was no significant association between the characteristics of the participants and smoking cessation among the participants, except patients who start smoking at a younger age (<16 years old) tend not to quit smoking (p=0.018).
Conclusion: A need to educate teenagers or even children was made clear according to the young age when smokers tend to start this habit. This government program has a lot of potential in total the eradication of smoking among the general population.
Keywords: anti-tobacco program, outcomes, smoking cessation, predictors