12th International Conference on Biomedical and Cancer Research (Part II)
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Accepted Abstracts

Stromal Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes were Associated with a Higher Grade and the Lower Stage of Indonesian Triple Negative Breast Cancers

Irianiwati Widodo*, Paranita Feronika, Ahmad Ghozali and Ibnu Pruwanto 
Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia

Citation: Widodo I, Feronika P, Ghozali A, Pruwanto I (2021) Stromal Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes were Associated with a Higher  Grade and the Lower Stage of Indonesian Triple Negative Breast  Cancers. SciTech Biomed-Cancer Sciences 2021. 

Received: October 28, 2020         Accepted: November 02, 2020         Published: November 02, 2020

Abstract

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive subtype of breast cancer with poor prognosis. This subtype is negative for hormonal receptors and Her2.  Stromal Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes (sTILs) are widely studied for their role as a predictor of prognosis and treatment response of TNBC patients.  However, controversial results are revealed by many studies and those need to be clarified. This study aimed to investigate the association of TILs with clinicopathological parameters and survival in TNBC patients. One hundred and twenty five  paraffin embedded tissue of TNBC patients, taken from Sardjito General Hospital Yogyakarta Indonesia, year of 2008- 2017, were used in this study. Stromal TILs were examined from Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-stained, and classified as low and high score using 20% cut off. The association of sTILs with clinicopathological parameters as well as survival was analyzed. The higher proportion of TNBC patients in this study were > 50 years old (52.8%), high grade (68%), stage > IIIa (56%), alive (50.4%)  and with low sTILs (54.4%). The results showed no association between sTILs and age or survival, p= 0.175, RR= 0.805 (95% CI= 0-548-1.818) and p= 0.391, RR= 0.915 (95% CI=0.623-1.348) respectively. Meanwhile sTILs were associated with a higher grade and a lower stage, p= 0.020, RR=1.701 (95% CI=1.019 - 2.838) and p= 0.025, RR= 0.659 (95% CI=0.449 - 0.967) respectively. This study found the association of TILs with a higher grade and the lower stage in Indonesian TNBC patients. Higher number of sTILs had a higher grade of cancer, but  stage serves as a modifier effect for sTIL of Indonesian TNBC patients.
 
Keywords: TNBC, sTILs, clinicopathological parameters, survival