International Congress on Food Sciences
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Accepted Abstracts

Ingestion Foreign Bodies in Rumen and Reticulum of Shoats in Hargeisa, Somalia: Prevalence and the Associated Risk Factors

Ahmed Mohamoud Omar Mouse*
Mekelle University, Somalia

Citation: Mouse AMO (2020) Ingestion Foreign Bodies in Rumen and Reticulum of Shoats in Hargeisa, Somalia: Prevalence and the Associated Risk Factors. SciTech Food Sciences 2020. Thailand 

Received: January 27, 2020         Accepted: February 03, 2020         Published: February 03, 2020

Abstract

Shoats are primarily the domestic animals of Somali pastoral communities that ensure food security and economic growth of the country but recent years were decreased due to the shortage of feed and increased contaminated environment. Cross-sectional study was carried out from August 2017 to November 2017 to assess the prevalence of foreign bodies in a rumen and to identify their type and associated risk factors in the slaughtered animals at Maandeeq abattoir. A total of 500 small ruminants were examined in the study. Systematic random sampling was employed to select the animals. Out of these, 33% (165/500) were had indigestible foreign bodies in the rumen and reticulum. The prevalence of foreign bodies was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in goat, 40.0% (78/195) than in sheep 28.5% (87/305). Odds ratio (OR) analysis indicated that goats were 1.67 times likely shown to acquire foreign body in rumen and reticulum than sheep (OR = 1.670 CI=1.143- 2.441). Statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) in the prevalence of indigestible foreign material were observed between female (36.19%) and male (27.57%), Besides, Significantly (P < 0.05) higher prevalence was observed in old aged (>3 years) shoats (53.85%) than young (<2 years) aged animals 16% as well as significantly higher prevalence was reported in thin body conditioned animals (46.67%) than good body conditioned (22.33%). Considering the origin of the examined animals, highly significance (P < 0.05) prevalence was observed in urban (53.33%) than rural area (26.18%). Most commonly foreign bodies encountered were mixed foreign bodies (13.4%) followed by plastic bags (9.8%), clothes (5.80%), robes (2.2%), metals (1.2%) and stones (0.6%) due to environmental pollution at the origin of the animals that may adversely affect the overall productivity and production. Proper waste management and creation of awareness for animal owners are necessary to avoid the risk of foreign body ingestion by the small ruminates