Pharmacology & Drug Development Congress
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Accepted Abstracts

Synthesis and Biological Screening of Novel Thiourea Derivatives as Potential Antihyperglycemics

Tapan Kumar Maity*1, Satarupa Acharjee1,2, Tanushree Singha1
1 Jadavpur University, India

2 NSHM College of Pharmaceutical Technology, India

Citation: Maity TK, Acharjee S, Singha T (2020) Synthesis and Biological Screening of Novel Thiourea Derivatives as Potential Antihyperglycemics. SciTech Central Pharma 2020. Mauritius

Received: December 31, 2019         Accepted: January 06, 2020         Published: January 06, 2020

Abstract

Aim of work: A new series of hybrid thiourea derivatives were designed and synthesized to meet the structural requirement essential for antihyperglycemic activity. The current work aimed to explore the effect of these hybrid thiourea derivatives on an experimental model of Type II diabetes as the prevalence of Type II Diabetes Mellitus is growing in epidemic proportions globally followed by late complications of neuropathy, nephropathy, cardiovascular risks and obesity on increased duration.
Methods:Eight different substituted [1-{3-[(2E)-3-phenylprop-2-enoyl] phenyl} thioureas were synthesized using ([N-[(3-acetyl phenyl) carbamothioyl] benzamide] and corresponding benzaldehyde as a starting material. All the compounds were confirmed by means of IR, 1H NMR, and ESIMS and evaluated for in vivo antihyperglycemic activity by using STZ induced Wister male rat model. Furtherpancreatic β-cell function of each group was assessed by measuring BUN, serum TRIG, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, serum total proteins.
Result: Administration of low dose Streptozotocin (STZ) to rat, induced hyperglycemia along with considerable augmentation in blood urea nitrogen, creatinine and serum triglycerides markers of renal insufficiency and diabetes-induced cardiac complications respectively. Among the six compounds screened Compound I, V, VI, VII were able to reduce significantly the increased glycemia level to normal within a period of 24 hours in the STZ model along with significant improvement in the blood urea nitrogen and serum triglyceride level by compound I, V.
Conclusion: This observation indicates that compound I-VI have the potential to be an effective antihyperglycemic agent. Studies are underway to assess the renoprotective and cardioprotective effects of these compounds and their possible mode of action.
 
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Hybrid thiourea, STZ