Epidemological investigation of Peste des Petitis ruminants in outbreak area of east Shewa and Arsi zones, Oromia region, Ethiopia
1Getachew Gari, 2Biressaw Serda*, 2Dejene Negesa and 2Fethu Lemma, 1Hagos Asgedom
1 National Animal Health Diagnosis and Investigation Center, Ethiopia
2 Haramaya University, Ethiopia
Citation: Gari G, Serda B, Negesa D, Lemma F, Asgedom H (2019) Epidemological investigation of Peste des Petitis ruminants in outbreak area of east Shewa and Arsi zones, Oromia region, Ethiopia. SciTech Immuno-Microbiology 2019. Dubai: UAE
Received: May 15, 2019 Accepted: May 17, 2019 Published: May 17, 2019
Peste des petits ruminant (PPR) is an economically important disease of small ruminants with a rapidly expanding geographical distribution. There are fragmented reports to the occurrence and distribution of the disease in Ethiopia. A total of 700 serum samples were collected in goat and sheep to detect the presence of antibody against PPR virus using Competitive Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent assay (C-ELISA). An overall PPR seropositivity was reported as 48.43%) in the area. There is no statistically significant difference in the prevalence of the disease in sheep and goat (50.85% and 46.68%) respectively. However, there was statistically significant variation (P<0.05) in the prevalence of the disease in young (33.9%) and adult (55.8%) age categories. The prevalence in male and female was 42.07% and 50.09% respectively where the variation was statistically not significant (P>0.05). High prevalence of peste des petites ruminants in the study area indicated the contagious nature of the disease. The disease cause substantial economic losses by affecting the livelihood of the farmers. Therefore, control measures have to be taken to minimize the loss associated with the disease.
Key words: Competitive ELIS, Goats. Peste des Petitis Ruminants. Sheep.