Received: January 22, 2020 Accepted: January 27, 2020 Published: January 27, 2020
Agriculture in developing countries is a real source of employment for more than 70% of the population and is mainly slash-and-burn agriculture. While to achieve sustainable food security, the adoption of sustainable practices by farmers is essential to maintain productivity. It is in this context that this study on the assessment of the degree of use of agricultural practices aimed at sustainable agriculture in Gandajika territory was conducted to determine the different cultivation methods practiced by farmers. The fundamental objective of this research is to assess the agricultural practices that are in use in Gandajika territory in order to classify its agriculture among the standard models. To do this, we used the methodology of farm household surveys in the three most reputable agricultural groupings: MPIANA, MPOYI and MPEMBA NZEWU. The sample size was thirty farmers per group and the procedure consisted of randomly targeting five proven producers per locality. At the end of this investigation, we found that sustainable agricultural practices are in use in this area at a rate of only about 34.91% through mixed cropping, traditional or improved fallows, cover crops, and afforestation scattered throughout the area. The logical consequence of 65.09% of agricultural practices are unsustainable, leading to agricultural nomadism which has several corollaries such as land conflicts, peasant impoverishment and famine in rural areas.