International Congress on Biotechnology and Food Sciences
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Accepted Abstracts

The Kinetics of Total Phenolic Content and Monomeric Flavan-3-ols during the Roasting Process of Criollo Cocoa

Editha Fernandez-Romero1, Segundo G Chavez-Quintana1, Raul Siche2, Efraín M Castro-Alayo2,3* and Fiorella P Cardenas-Toro3
1 Universidad Nacional Toribio Rodriguez de Mendoza de Amazonas, Peru
2Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, Peru
3 Pontificia Universidad Católica del Peru, Peru

Citation: Fernandez-Romero E, Chavez-Quintana SG, Siche R, Castro-Alayo EM, Cardenas-Toro FP (2020) The Kinetics of Total Phenolic Content and Monomeric Flavan-3-ols during the Roasting Process of Criollo Cocoa. SciTech BioTech-Food Sciences 2020. Thailand
 

Received: January 27, 2020         Accepted: January 30, 2020         Published: January 31, 2020

Abstract

Cocoa beans are the main raw material for the manufacture of chocolate and are currently gaining great importance due to their antioxidant potential attributed to the total phenolic content (TPC) and the monomeric flavan-3-ols (epicatechin and catechin). Fine chocolates are made from Criollo cocoa, which is the best quality variety. The Amazon region of Peru produces considerable quantities of this cocoa, being the main crop that generates income for many Amazonian families. The objective of this study was to determine the degradation kinetics parameters of TPC, epicatechin, and catechin during the roasting process of Criollo cocoa for 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 min at 90, 110, 130, 150, 170, 190, and 200 °C. The results showed a lower degradation of TPC (10.98 ± 6.04%) and epicatechin (8.05 ± 3.01%) at 130 °C and 10 min of roasting, while a total degradation of epicatechin and a 92.29 ± 0.06% degradation of TPC was obtained at 200 °C and 50 min. Reaction rate constant () and activation energy () were 0.02–0.10 min-1 and 24.03 J/mol for TPC and 0.02–0.13 min-1 and 22.51 J/mol for epicatechin, respectively. Degradation kinetics of TPC and epicatechin showed first-order reactions, while the catechin showed patterns of formation and degradation.
 
Keywords: Roasting; Catechin; Epicatechin; Total phenolic content; Criollo cocoa; Kinetic